Wednesday, September 03, 2008

Sentire Cum Ecclesia - The Rules of St Ignatius Loyola

Brian Coyne reminded me of my promise to write something regarding the rule Sentire Cum Ecclesia. The only reason I have not yet done so is that I am simply daunted by the task this presents. How can I do such a topic justice?

Well, first I think we should start with the brain that coined the phrase (sorry - I know that was a bad pun), namely, St Ignatius Loyola, founder of the Society of Jesus, aka the Jesuits. Here are his rules for "Sentire Cum Ecclesia" as they are found in Bettenson's Documents of the Christian Church:
1. Always to be ready to obey with mind and heart, setting aside all judgement of one's own, the true spouse of Jesus Christ, our holy mother, our infallible and orthodox mistress, the Catholic Church, whose authority is exercised over us by the hierarchy.

2. To commend the confession of sins to a priest as it is practised in the Church; the reception of the Holy Eucharist once a year, or better still every week, or at least every month, with the necessary preparation.

3. To commend to the faithful frequent and devout assistance at the holy sacrifice of the Mass, the ecclesiastical hymns, the divine office, and in general the prayers and devotions practised at stated times, whether in public in the churches or in private.

4. To have a great esteem for the religious orders, and to give the preference to celibacy or virginity over the married state.

5. To approve of the religious vows of chastity, poverty, perpetual obedience, as well as to the other works of perfection and supererogation. Let us remark in passing, that we must never engage by vow to take a state (such e.g. as marriage) that would be an impediment to one more perfect…

6. To praise relics, the veneration and invocation of Saints: also the stations, and pious pilgrimages, indulgences, jubilees, the custom of lighting candles in the churches, and other such aids to piety and devotion.

7. To praise the use of abstinence and fasts as those of Lent, of Ember Days, of Vigils, of Friday, Saturday, and of others undertaken out of pure devotion: also voluntary mortifications, which we call penances, not merely interior, but exterior also.

8. To commend moreover the construction of churches, and ornaments; also images, to be venerated with the fullest right, for the sake of what they represent.

9. To uphold especially all the precepts of the Church, and not censure them in any manner; but, on the contrary, to defend them promptly, with reasons drawn from all sources, against those who criticize them.

10. To be eager to commend the decrees, mandates, traditions, rites and customs of the Fathers in the Faith or our superiors. As to their conduct; although there may not always be the uprightness of conduct that there ought to be, yet to attack or revile them in private or in public tends to scandal and disorder. Such attacks set the people against their princes and pastors; we must avoid such reproaches and never attack superiors before inferiors. The best course is to make private approach to those who have power to remedy the evil.

11. To value most highly the sacred teaching, both the Positive and the Scholastic, as they are commonly called…

12. It is a thing to be blamed and avoided to compare men who are living on the earth (however worthy of praise) with the Saints and Blessed, saying: This man is more learned than St. Augustine, etc…

13. That we may be altogether of the same mind and in conformity with the Church herself, if she shall have defined anything to be black which to our eyes appears to be white, we ought in like manner to pronounce it to be black. For we must undoubtedly believe, that the Spirit of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the Spirit of the Orthodox Church His Spouse, by which Spirit we are governed and directed to Salvation, is the same;…

14.It must also be borne in mind, that although it be most true, that no one is saved but he that is predestinated, yet we must speak with circumspection concerning this matter, lest perchance, stressing too much the grace or predestination of God, we should seem to wish to shut out the force of free will and the merits of good works; or on the other hand, attributing to these latter more than belongs to them, we derogate meanwhile from the power of grace.

15. For the like reason we should not speak on the subject of predestination frequently; if by chance we do so speak, we ought so to temper what we say as to give the people who hear no occasion of erring and saying, 'If my salvation or damnation is already decreed, my good or evil actions are predetermined'; whence many are wont to neglect good works, and the means of salvation.

16. It also happens not unfrequently, that from immoderate, preaching and praise of faith, without distinction or explanation added, the people seize a pretext for being lazy with regard to any good works, which precede faith, or follow it when it has been formed by the bond of charity.

17. Not any more must we push to such a point when the preaching and inculcating of the grace of God, as that there may creep thence into the minds of the hearers the deadly error of denying our faculty of free will. We must speak of it as the glory of God requires… that we may not raise doubts as to liberty and the efficacy of good works.

18. Although it is very praiseworthy and useful to serve God through the motive of pure charity, yet we must also recommend the fear of God; and not only filial fear, but servile fear, which is very useful and often even necessary to raise man from sin… Once risen from the state, and free from the affection of mortal sin, we may then speak of that filial fear which is truly worthy of God, and which gives and preserves the union of pure love.

4 Comments:

At Thursday, September 04, 2008 3:42:00 am , Blogger Past Elder said...

Judas H Priest in a longboat.

When I was in high school, still serving Mass, which by that time was decaying under what would become the novus ordo, an old Jesuit turned up in our parish to help out, and he preached sermons inlike anything I had ever heard.

So I undertook to have some sessions with him, which were in part the study of the Spritual Exercises (in Latin, of course) and in part exhortations to go to St Louis U. rather than the Benedictines to whom I went -- they being fine for praying and working, but they cannot think, so he said.

Supposedly he was "retired". Turns out, he was boofed from St Louis U for not getting with the Brave New Church sufficiently and sent out to some parish where no-one cares anyway -- one of many, many such blood lettings I would see. His only crime was continuing to believe what formerly got you boofed if you didn't but now got you boofed if you did.

So what does it matter about St Ignatius re a church that is not his and of which he was not speaking, the church of Vatican II?

Actually, maybe I should have taken his advice and gone to St Louis U -- then I would have had a ringside seat not only for the pogroms of the Brave New Church of Vatican II but also Seminex, and maybe would have become Lutheran and LCMS twenty years before I did!

 
At Thursday, September 04, 2008 2:17:00 pm , Anonymous Sharon said...

Rumour hath it that Fr Joe Johnson SJ, here in Melbourne,was another Jesuit who was not popular for not getting with the Brave New Church sufficiently but those who were lucky enough to benefit from his wisdom are practicing Catholics today and ever grateful to Fr Joe.

 
At Thursday, September 04, 2008 5:19:00 pm , Blogger Schütz said...

We need real Jesuits again who are ready to defend the Catholic Church and the Holy Father in complete loyalty. The pope and Cardinal Rode tried to tell them that at their last meeting in Rome. They weren't in the mood for listening, though.

 
At Tuesday, September 09, 2008 2:01:00 pm , Blogger Athanasius said...

David, in developing your response to Brian, it would be good to keep one point in mind. Everyone thinks with someone. If not the Church, then with someone else.

It would be interesting to ask who Brian thinks with, but I can guess. His hazy notions about the supreme value of autonomy come from Kant. His sexual morality and views on authority derive from '68 philosophes like Foucault.

The question is never whether we should think with someone else, but with whom. So the real challenge is to show why the Church is to be preferred over the other candidates.

 

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